Ecological succession – the gradual process by which ecosystems change and develop over time. Nothing remains the same and habitats are constantly changing.
The Marsh Mallow is a perennial herbaceous plant of the hibiscus, or mallow, family, native to eastern Europe and northern Africa. It has also become established in North America, and is usually found in coastal marshy areas.
Over the centuries, the Marsh Mallow has been used for various medicinal purposes, including the healing of wounds and soothing of sore throats, as a laxative, and as a treatment for upset stomachs, chest colds and insomnia.
The root of the Marsh Mallow was once used to make a sweet confection, which eventually led to what we now know as Marshmallows.
Cattails were used by Native Americans in many ways. They ate the heads and seeds, used the roots and pollen for medicinal purposes, used the leaves and stalks for weaving mats and baskets, and used the down for moccasin lining, pillow stuffing, and diaper material.