Camouflage – a defensive tactic that organisms use to disguise their appearance, often to blend in with their surroundings. It can involve coloration, materials, illumination or any combination of these. It can make an animal hard to see (crypsis), or disguise them by looking like something else (mimesis). Often, animals use camouflage to hide from predators, but predators may also use camouflage to make it harder for their prey to see them coming.
Butterflies are brightly colored to attract mates and avoid predators.
The colors of a butterfly’s wings are made by tiny scales refracting light.